Michael Levin (1997) argues that black people are largely over-represented among American physicians, so much so that it is probably lowering the quality of care. This case is also presented by Kirkegaard (2019) and Levin largely takes the argument from Gottfredson (1986). Since I’ve been re-reading sections of Levin’s book, I’ll just quote his take, however.
An interesting predictor of local crime rates is the percent of the region examined that is black. Some may point to this and say that this is a result of discrimination. This is unlikely, as Rubenstein (2016) finds “Victim and witness surveys show that police arrest violent criminals in close proportion to the rates at which criminals of different races commit violent crimes.” Other reasons could include socioeconomic standards in the neighborhood, race differences in IQ, and underlying genetic differences in crime-committing-variables (aggression, ASB, etc.). Whatever the cause, the evidence for the association is documented in this blog post.Read More »